The Contracting Process¶
There are several stages to a contracting process.
Public hearing info
Details of award
Completion or Termination info
Not all contracting processes have all stages. For example, direct contracting might start with the award of a contract. However, there will still be information that can be disclosed about the budgets, specifications and selection process even in this case.
You are encouraged to publish OCDS data close to real-time: releasing data as each stage of a contracting process takes place.
This might involve generating output from a range of different systems. Data published from different systems can be tied together by use of a common Open Contracting ID (
Defining a contracting process¶
For public procurement OCDS defines a unique contracting process as:
All the planning, tendering information, awards, contracts and contract implementation information related to a single initiation process.
An initiation process might be a tender, a direct contract award, or a call to award a concession.
The Open Contracting ID (ocid)¶
Each unique contracting process needs to be assigned an
ocid. This is an identifier which can be used to join up data between different stages (as often the data might be stored in different systems).
To make sure the
ocids assigned in two different jurisdictions do not clash, publishers need to register an ocid prefix. This can be prepended onto locally generated identifiers, giving a globally unique identifier, and allowing disparate data sources to confidently refer to a unique contracting process.
You can register your ocid prefix here.
In Mexico City, an initial mapping identified that identifiers were assigned to each tender process or direct award, using a pattern based on the initials or name of the department involved, a tender or contract number, and the year.
These identifiers uniquely identify each contracting process. Fields and business processes to capture these identifiers at each contracting process stage were added to the relevant systems.
Mexico City then registered a prefix with the OCDS helpdesk. They have been given the prefix ‘ocds-87sd3t’ which can be added to their unique process identifiers to give a globally unique ocid.
All the award notices, contracts and transactions resulting from the tender with this identifier share this ocid - allowing Mexico City to bring together a complete picture of each contracting process.
ocid is case sensitive. Case needs to be used consistently whenever an
ocid is presented.